Independence Year : 1947
Population : 156483000
Life Expectancy : 61.1
Capital : 2831
GNP : 61289.00
GNP Old : 58549.00
Local Name : Pakistan
Government Form : Republic
Location : Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north
Terrain : Flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west
Climate : Mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north.
Ethnic Group : Punjabi, Sindhi, Pathan (Pushtun), Baloch, Muhajir (i.e., Urdu-speaking immigrants from India and their descendants), Saraiki, Hazara.
Religions : Muslim 97%; small minorities of Christians, Hindus, and others.
Official Website : www.pak.gov.pk
Genral Information - Pakistan
The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved.
A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)