Independence Year : 1918
Population : 18112000
Life Expectancy : 59.8
Capital : 1780
GNP : 6041.00
GNP Old : 5729.00
Local Name : Al-Yaman
Government Form : Republic
Location : Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Aden, and the Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia.
Terrain : Mountainous interior bordered by desert with a flat and sandy coastal plain
Climate : Temperate in the mountainous regions in the western part of the country, extremely hot with minimal rainfall in the remainder of the country. Humid on the coast.
Ethnic Group : Predominantly Arabs, minor Afro-Arabs, South Asians, and Europeans
Religions : Islam including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a), small numbers of Jews, Christians, and Hindus.
Official Website : www.presidentsaleh.gov.ye
Genral Information - Yemen
North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)