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City Profile - Muzaffarpur

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» Accent City: Muzaffarpur » State :Bihar » Region : 34 » Surface Area : 3172 sq km
» STD Code :621 » Airport :MUZAFFARPUR » Currancy : Indian Rupee (INR) » Local Time : IST (+5.5 GMT)
Population : 3,73,456

Language : Bhojpuri, Hindi and Maithali

Religion : Muslim, Hindu

Latitude : 26.116667

Longitude : 85.4

Climate :

The summer, April-June is extremely hot and humid (28/40 deg C,90% Max.) and winter is pleasntly cold, around 06/20 deg C .The air pollution is comparatively less ,so the air is comparatively clean.Best months to visit are Oct-Mar.It is better to avoid visits in summer and monsoon ( Mid Jun to Sep) due to prolonged power-cuts ,heat and rain flooding in the town.

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Genral Information - Muzaffarpur

Located near Vaishali, Muzaffarpur city is among the prominent towns of north Bihar. Muzaffarpur, also known as Lychee City, is not far away from the major attractions including hajipur, Sonepur and Vaishali. The city locates south of the Burhi Gandak River. In 18th century, Muzaffar Khan founded the city of Muzaffarpur and this is how it got its name. The city in its surrounding area has many historical sites for the tourists and travelers alike. Muzaffarpur city is one of the largest and oldest trade centers of the state. The city is also a key rail and road hub. Main industries of the city involve rice and sugar milling and cutlery manufacture. The University of Bihar, founded in 1952, is in Muzaffarpur. From Muzaffarpur you can also visit Nepal via Birgunj.

History :

Muzaffarpur , 'The Land Of Leechi' was created in 1860s for the sake of administrative convenience by splitting up the earlier district of Tirhut. The present town of Muzaffarpur came into existence in the 18th century and named after Muzaffar Khan, an Amil (Revenue Officer) under British Dynasty.

The recorded history of the district dates back to the rise of the Vrijjan Republic. The center of political power also shifted from Mithila to Vaishali. The Vrijjan Republic was a confederation of eight clans of which the Licchavis were the most powerful and influential. Even the powerful kingdom of Magadh had to conclude matrimonial alliances in 519 B.C. with the neighboring estates of the Licchavis. Ajatshatru invaded Vaishali and extended his sway over Tirhut. It was at this time that Patliputra (the modern Patna) was founded at the village Patali on the banks of the sacred river Ganga and Ajatshatru built an invincible fortress to keep vigil over the Licchavis on the other side of the river. Ambarati, 40 km from Muzaffarpur is believed to be the village home of Amrapali, the famous Royal court dancer of Vaishali.

From the visit of the Hieuen Tsang's till the rise of the Pala dynasty, area was under the control of Harsha Vardhan, a powerful sovereign of North India. After 647 A.D. The district passed on to the local chiefs. In the 8th century A.D. the Pala kings continued to have their hold over Tirhut until 1019 A.D. Chedi kings of Central India also exercised their influence over Tirhut till they were replaced by the rulers of the Sena dynasty towards the close of the 11the century.

Between 1211 & 1226, Ghais-u-ddin Iwaz, the ruler of Bengal, was the first Muslim invader of Tirhut. He, however, could not succeed in conquering the kingdom but extorted tributes. It was in 1323 that Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq established his control over the district.

Towards the close of the 14th century the whole of North Bihar including Tirhut passed on to the kings of Jaunpur and remained under their control for nearly a century until Sikandar Lodi of Delhi defeated the king of Jaunpur. Meanwhile, Hussain Shah, the Nawab of Bengal had become so powerful that he exercised his control over large tracts including Tirhut. The emperor of Delhi advanced against Hussain Shah in 1499 and got control over Tirhut after defeating its Raja. The power of the Nawabs of Bengal began to wane and with the decline and fall of Mahood Shah, north Bihar including Tirhut formed a part of the mighty Mughal Empire. Though Muzaffarpur with the entire north Bihar had been annexed yet the petty powerful chieftains continued to exercise effective control over this area till the days of Daud Khan, the Nawab of Bengal. Daud Khan had his stronghold at Patna and Hajipur and after his fall a separate Subah of Bihar was constituted under the Mughal dynasty and Tirhut formed a part of it.

The victory of East India Company in 1764 at the battle of Buxar gave them control over whole of Bihar and they succeeded in subduing the entire district. The success of the insurgent at Delhi in 1857 caused grave concern to the English inhabitants in this district and revolutionary fervor began to permeate the entire district. Muzaffarpur played its role and was the site of the famous bomb case of 1908. The young East Bengali Hindu revolutionary, Khudi Ram Bose, a boy of barely 18 years was hanged for throwing the bomb at the carriage of Pringle Kennedy who was actually mistaken for Kingsford, the District Judge of Muzaffarpur. After independence, a memorial to this young revolutionary patriot was constructed at Muzaffarpur, which still stands. The visit of Mahatma Gandhi along with eminent nationalists like Anugrah Narayan Sinha,Sri Krishna Singh to Muzaffarpur in December 1918 and again in January 1927 had tremendous political effect in arousing the latent feelings of the people and the district continued to play a prominent role in the country's struggle for freedom. Muzaffarpur also played a critical role in the Khadi revolution. Many local freedom fighters of Muzaffarpur were pivotal in Indian independence struggle in India. Muzaffarpur was mainly populated by Bengali Collectors, Commissioners, Businessmen, Industrialista, Land-owners, Professors , Engineers, lawyers and many others since the period of The British Rule and even after independence up to early seventies.Bengalis have very remarkable contribution in bringing the city from antiquity to Modernity.

Habitat :

Muzaffarpur lies in a highly active seismic zone of India. In the disastrous earthquake on 15 Jan , 1934 ,much of the town suffered sever damages and loss of lives .It has an average elevation of 47 meters (154 feet). This sauacer shaped ,low-centered town lies on the great Indo-Gangetic plain of Bihar,over the Himalayan silt and sand ,brought by the glacier and rain fed meandering rivers of the Great Himalayas . The soil of the town is highly fertile ,well drained , sandy type ,white colored and very soft to touch and till . The land scape is soothing green round the year.The town is surrounded by the flood plains in green settings dotted with sweetwater ponds and crescent old river channels , with sparkling whitish sandy river banks and unpolluted air and water. Numerous private fruit orchards and idyllic rivers are ideal for picnics/adventures/camping/outings, though local tourism is conspicuous by its absence. The city has a water table just 20 ft. below ground level and landscape is green throughout the year.The city has a non-operational civil Aerodrome,Patahi, belonging to the Airport Authority of India with an air strip of 4000 ft. length.

Muzaffarpur now is a rapidly growing city. The growth in the last decade has been phenomenal. Thousands of villagers migrated to this town from nearby villages in the rapid urbanization in post-independence India. But this has created serious law and order problems in the past.The drainage system and garbage disposal system is now disorderly and practically non-existent. The downtown areas of Muzaffarpur are known as Kalyani and Saraiyagunj. Both areas are densely populated with small shops selling a plethora of goods and services, in colourful settings and buzzing with large crowds. Motijheel is the main shopping area. Chakkar Maidan (Oval) is a place where there is small settlement of the Territorial Army [6] non-departmental unit 151 Inf Bn (TA) JAT. Muzaffarpur Town has some ancient temples like Baba Garib Nath(Shiva Temple) , Chaturbhuj-sthan, Raj Rajeswar Devi Kali(Durga), Temple of Raj Darbhanga and Kalibari, the Kali temple . There are also several large and small places of worship of other religious communities like the Sikhs (Gurudwara at Ramna), Rama Krishna Ashram ( in Bela - mithan pura ), Muslims (Badi masjid at Company Bagh,Bada Imambara near Banaras Bank Chowk & Badi Karbala at Sariyagunj), Buddhists, Jains, Christians, etc.

Place To See :

The major attractions here are the Kali temple, Mata Rajeshwari Devi Mandir dedicated to Goddess Durga and the Baba Garib Sthan shrine of Lord Shiva.

About 40 km from Muzaffarpur is the famous temple, Hathilwa-Mathh dedicated to Radha-Krishna. While the Badi Masjid at Company Bagh and the Gurudwara at Ramna are definitely worth a visit.

The Kesaria Stupa is the largest ancient Stupa in the world, with a height of 104 ft, and was excavated in 1988. It is said to have been constructed between 200 AD and 700 AD. It is a brilliant example of Buddhist sculpture and architecture of the era.

How Get There :

By Air:It is 70 kms from Patna Airport.

By Rail:There is a railway station at Muzaffarpur.

By Road:A good network of buses runs in the area.

Accomodation :


  • Ranjeet Hotel, Motijhil
  • Chandralok Hotel, Chandralok Chowk Budget Luxary Stay
  • Hotel Panchwati, Saraiyaganj
  • Hotel Chandralok Continental, Chandralok, Nayatola,

Mid Range

  • Lichchavi Vihar, Phone: 0621-2228512.
  • Nathani gest house,sutapatti
  • Chandralok Hotel, Chandralok Chowk Budget Luxary Stay
  • Hotel Chandralok Continental, Chandralok, Nayatola,
Shopping :
  • Kalyani Chawk

  • Saraiya Ganj

  • MotiJheel

  • Suta Patti

  • Jawahar lal road

  • Andi gola

One of the major attractions of Muzaffarpur is the Lahthi (Lakh ki Churiyan/Bangles)

City District Population
Muzaffarpur Muzaffarpur 3,73,456
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