Samadhi is a physical and mental state of body which denotes higher
levels of concentrated meditation, or dhyana. Hindu and Buddhist
scriptures consider Samadhi a precursor for enlightenment. It is
part of Ashtanga Yoga. When one becomes absorbed in it, personal
identity vanishes. In the moment of Samadhi nothing mundane exists.
Literal meaning of Samadhi is 'to bring together, to merge.' When in
Samadhi, we are assimilated with the object of our choice. We blend
and become one with it. It becomes an identity without differences,
and a liberated soul enjoys pure awareness of this pure identity.
The final stage of Samadhi terminates at the instance the soul is
freed. The absolute and eternal freedom of an isolated soul is
beyond all stages. It is beyond the boundaries of time and place.
Once freed, the soul does not return to bondage. It is free for
Union with Object of Contemplation
Samadhi refers to the union with the object of contemplation. Here,
the centre of the meditation and the meditator become one. It is
like the union of function and structure. The polarity of viewer and
viewed becomes irrelevant. Difference between self and non-self
becomes undistinguished. The object being contemplated and the
process of contemplation cannot be segregated now.
Stages of Samadhi
A Samadhi is of several stages, leaning on whether one is uniformed
with the object while yet conscious of it. It is important whether
one has transcended the object of meditation and is resting in the
experience of being independent. It is seen whether one is
associated with any aspect of consciousness. This is important in
deciding the state of meditation one is in.
Power of Concentration
One has to gather the art of concentration to do a Samadhi, for the
latter is just not possible without the former. A person cannot just
simply sit down and say that he is going to do a Samadhi. It is not
something to flaunt in that way. All the person can do is to create
the right conditions to help bring about the state of meditation. He
must try and get his mind free of all worldly attachments and
concentrate on that omnipotent, omnipresent power.
Let Your Mind Settle
Without gaining top-notch concentration, meditation is just not
possible. You must allow things that are going on in the mind to
settle so that it becomes quiet. If the mind is too busy responding
to external stimuli, it would not be possible for it to enter the
state of meditation. If your mind is not ready for meditation and
you force it, that could be detrimental.
Yoga Sutra suggests various asanas (postures) which help one to
prepare for Samadhi. These asanas influence mental activities and
create space in the crowded schedule of the mind. These asanas
create the atmosphere required for meditation. And the Samadhi is
just a step ahead of the state of meditation.