Making Curtains |
Duvet Cover |
Fabric Trimmings |
Fabric For Curtains |
Curtain Pelmets |
Stitches For Window Treatments |
While undertaking fabric window treatment there are certain terms
that you will come across again and again. It is good to have a
clear idea as to what these terms mean. Given below are a list of
terms and their meanings.
- Seam - Seams are used to lengths of fabric
together. The different types of seams are - Flat seam, and French
- Acorn - This is as decorative wood or brass
end that is used at the end of the cords of blinds to hide the
- Arched Valance - In this valance, the sides
are longer than the center and the lower edge is shaped.
- Austrian Blind - This is a gathered blind
that is longer than required. The extra fabric forms ruching at the
bottom of the curtain. Ruching is a ruffle or pleat at the end of
- Bed Valance - This is a skirt that covers
the divan part of a bed from the sides to the floor.
- Bishop's Sleeve Curtains - Curtains are made
longer than required and tied securely, pulled up and flounced over
the tied part.
- Blind - This type of curtain is fixed at the
top and can be pulled up from the bottom.
- Bound Edge - This is a means of tidying up a
raw edge by using bias binding.
- Box Pleats - This is a row of fold whose
direction alternates. The fabric in the folds can be gathered either
in the front or the back depending on the effect to be created.
- Braid - This is a decorative trim that can
be added to curtains, sheets and valances to embellish them.
- Bullion - This is a thick twisted trimming
used as ornamentation.
- Cafe Curtains - This curtain fits only the
lower half of the window, thus giving the room privacy and light at
the same time.
- Chain Weights -This is a chain of small
heavy beads encased in cotton casing used for light fabrics.
- Combination Rods - A set of brackets with
two or three curtain lengths. This is used to give a layered
appearance for curtain and top treatments.
- Envelope Curtains -Curtains that cannot be
pulled back. The lower inside corners are hooked back to allow light
into the room.
- Festoon Blind -Though it looks a lot like
the Austrian blinds, these blinds are ruched or pleated from top to
- Finial - These are ornamental ends of a
- Header - This is the extra fabric above a
cased heading that forms a frill.
- Lambrequin - This is a pelmet that extends
down the side of the window.
- Pelform -This is a double-sided sticky card
especially made from a sticky card made especially for pelmets or
tiebacks, printed with various edge patterns.
- Pelmet - This is used to conceal the top of
curtains and curtain tracks. Normally a flat panel that can be
painted or covered with fabric to enhance it.
- Pillow Sham - An ornamental pillow cover
that is used in the day.
- Puddled Curtains -These curtains are made
longer than required and are allowed to gather or puddle on the
- Scarf - This is a length of fabric that is
tidied and draped across the top of a window treatment.
- Stack back - This is the amount of space
occupied by the curtains when they are drawn open.
- Tie Backs - Lengths of stiffened fabric that
are fastened to the wall to hold the curtains back.
- Valance - This is a pleated or shaped
miniature curtain that is hung from the pelmet to cover the top of
curtains or curtain tracks.