Countdown begins for India’s First Mars Orbiter Mission
Chennai – The 56 and-a-half hour countdown for the launch of India’s first space mission to Mars, slated for November 5, commenced on Sunday at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.
“The 56 hours and 30 minutes countdown started as per schedule at 06.08 a.m. It is proceeding smoothly,” a spokesman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said over phone this morning.
ISRO’s workhorse launch vehicle PSLV C25, carrying India’s first inter-planetary satellite Mars Orbiter Mission, is scheduled to lift off at 2.38 p.m. on November 5 from the spaceport of Sriharikota, some 100 km from here.
The Launch Authorisation Board had on November 1 given its consent for the launch of the MOM after the successful conduct of a launch rehearsal the previous day.
The rocket is expected to take over 40 minutes to inject the satellite into Earth’s orbit after the take off.
The vehicle tracking stations at Port Blair, Bylalu near Bangalore, Brunei and sea-borne terminals on board Shipping Corporation of India’s vessels SCI Nalanda and SCI Yamuna positioned at South Pacific Ocean have also been kept on alert, ISRO sources said.
Once launched, the satellite is expected to go around the Earth for 20-25 days, before embarking on a nine-month voyage to the red planet on December 1 and reach the orbit of the Mars on September 24, 2014.
If India succeeds in the Rs. 450-crore MOM mission, it would be the fourth in the world, after the US, Russia and Europe to do so.
European Space Agency (ESA) of European consortium, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the US and Roscosmos of Russia are the three agencies which have successfully undertaken missions to the red planet so far.
Though there have been 51 missions to the Mars, only 21 of them have been successful.