Lord Sri Ramachandra
Ayodhya Pilgrimage Attractions
Ayodhya, a very holy city and is an important pilgrimage site. Lord Rama was
born and had many of His pastimes here. It is said to have once had a perimeter
of 96 miles and was the capital of Koshala. It is on the banks of the Gogra (Ghaghara
or Saryu) River, bathing in which is supposed to destory even the sin of killing
a Brahmin.On the right bank of the river Ghagra or Saryu, as it is called within
sacred precincts, stands the holy city of Ayodhya, believed to be the birth
place of lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of lord Vishnu.
Ayodhya during ancient times was known as Kosaldesa. The Atharvaveda describes
it as "a city built by gods and being as prosperous as paradise itself". The
illustrious Ikshvaku of the solar clan (suryavamsa) was the ruling dynasty of
Ayodhya is pre-eminently a city of temples yet, all the places of worship here,
are not only of Hindu religion. At Ayodhya several religions have grown and
prospered simultaneously and also at different periods of time in the past.
Remnants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam can still be found in Ayodhya.
According to Jain belief, five tirthankaras were born at Ayodhya, including
Adinath (Rishabhadeva), the 1st tirthankar.
Prime Pilgrimage Attractions
Rama Janma Bhoomi is where Lord Rama was said to have taken birth. There is
a small Lord Rama temple here. At this location there used to be the Babri
Moseque, which was constructed in the 15th century by the Moghuls. The
mosque was destroyed in 1992, and at the present time there are plans to
built a grand Rama Temple here.
- Guptar Ghat
At Guptar Ghat there are some nice temples, and nearby there is a nice park.
Gupta means disappearance. It is said that Rama left His body at this place.
There are a few nice temples here, one called Chakra Harji Vishnu and Gupta
Harji, and other called Raja Mandir. There are many Deities in the Chakra
Harji Vishnu Temple, including what appears to be a very old carved Chakra
Harji Vishnu Deity. There is also an imprint of Sri Rama's feet here.
The chief place of worship in Ayodhya is the site of the ancient citadel of
Ramkot, which stands on an elevated ground in the western part of the city.
Although visited by pilgrims through out the year, this sacred place
attracts devotees from all over India and abroad, on 'Ramnavami', the day of
the lord's birth, which is celebrated with great pomp and show, in the Hindu
month of Chaitra (March-April).
- The Hanuman Garhi
Situated in the centre of the town, this temple is approachable by a flight
of 76 steps. Legend has it that Hanuman lived here, in a cave and guarded
the Janmabhoomi or Ramkot. The main temple contains the statue of Anjani,
with child Hanuman, seated on her lap. The devotees believe that all their
wishes will be granted with a visit to this holy shrine. A massive structure
in the shape of a four-sided fort with circular bastions at each corner ,
houses a temple of Hanuman and is the most popular shrine in Ayodhya.
This temple stands at the place, where Rama is said to have performed the
Ashvamedha Yagya. About 300 years ago, the Raja of Kullu built a new temple
here, which was improved by Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore, during 1784. At the
same time, the adjoining ghats were also built. The initial idols in black
sandstone were recovered from Saryu and placed in the new temple, famous as
- Nageshwarnath Temple
The temple of Nageshwarnath is said to have been established by Kush, the
son of Rama. Legend has it that Kush lost his armlet, while bathing in the
river Saryu, which was picked up by a nag-kanya, who fell in love with him.
As she was a devotee of Shiva, Kush erected this temple for her. It is said
that this is the only temple to have survived till the time of Vikramaditya,
the rest of city had fallen into ruins and was covered by dense forests. It
was by means of this temple that Vikramaditya was able to locate Ayodhya and
the sites of different shrines here. The festival of Shivratri is celebrated
here with great pomp & show.
Other Pilgrimage Attractions
There is a nice area by the river surrounding Lakshman Ghat. Lakshman, the
brother of Rama, is said to have bathed at Lakshman Ghat.Vasistha Kund is a
temple with a small round kund like a well. Rama is said to have performed a
yajna (sacrifice) at Treta Ka Mandir. There are Sita-Rama Deities in this
temple. Kaushalya, the mother of Rama, is said to have established the
Kshireswara Nath Temple for Sita. Bharata Kund, at Nandigram, 20 km from
Ayodhya, is said to be the place where Bharata ruled while Rama was in exile for
14 years. A half km north of Janmabhoomi is Swarga Dwara, or Ram Ghat, which is
an important bathing ghat.
Lord Sri Ramachandra. Poojas
Shravan Jhoola Mela (July-August), Parikrama Mela (October-November), Ram Navmi (March-April),
Rathyatra (June-July), Saryu Snan (October-November), Ram Vivah (November), Ramayan Mela.