The splendid mosque built by Muhammad Ali Shah in the typical Mughal style with
two minarets and three domes, lies to the west of the Hussainabad Imambara and
is entirely free from pseudo Italian art then in vogue in Lucknow. Mohammad Ali
Shah started the construction of this splendid mosque in 1840 but his wife Begum
Malika Jahan finally completed it after his death.
It is the country's largest mosque, built in 1656, where thousands of Muslims
offer prayers. It lies opposite the Red Fort and is surrounded by a large number
of shops, which deal in a variety of goods. The great mosque of Old Delhi is
both the largest in India and the final architectural extravagance of Shah Jahan
with a courtyard capable of holding 25,000 devotees.
Located in the centre of the old city, this congregational mosque was built by
Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1423. Built in yellow sandstone, it combines the best of
Hindu and Muslim styles of architecture, standing on 260 pillars supporting 15
domes at varying elevations.
Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India and stands across the road from the
Red Fort, built in 1656 by Shahjahan. About 20,000 people can pray here at a
time (Drive past).
The vast paved courtyard is a rectangle nearly seventy-five metres by sixty-six
metres. The whole of the western chamber is a big hall, standing on 260 pillars
all carved from Hindu and Jain traditions. The central courtyard is accessible
from the East, though there are three ways on the other side too. The Eastern
side entrance leads to another enclosure containing the mausoleum of Sultan
Ahmed Shah. Thus it is an architectural triumph.
Near the Eastern entrance stands the 'roja' or the tomb of the Sultan Ahmed
Shah, which was homage to the Sultan by his son Mohammed Shah II. The tomb
houses the graves of three great rulers of Gujarat - Ahmed Shah I, his son,
Mohammed Shah and his grandson, Qutub-Ud-Din Ahmed Shah II. After a passage of
100 years, a nobleman by the name - Farhatul Maluk repaired the tomb, who also
got the walls of the mosque engraved. Today after centuries of heat and rough
weather, the Masjid stands unchallenged serving as a prayer place for numerous
Muslims residing in the city. Among the most popular sights of the city of
Ahmedabad is the Jama Masjid, boasting of a well-proportioned architecture. It
took 13 years to complete this fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture of
the Ahmed Shahi style. A white marble paved courtyard, with a pool in the middle
provides a perfect pause between the raucous streets outside, and the dignity of
the main sanctuary within. Nearby the Masjid are Pols and the Teen Darwaza (The
Three Gates). Sultan Ahmed Shah built these arched gateways, which were meant as
the royal entrance to the Maidan Shah or Royal Square. From here the Sultans
used to watch the processions from the palace to the Jama Masjid
The main imam of this Jama Masjid is the direct descendent of the original and
first Imam appointed by Emperor Shahjahan and till now there is no break in its
descendency. People of other religions are not allowed in between 12-30-2-00pm.
One is allowed to enter the mosque bare-footed, head covered and wearing lungi,
- these are the norms visitors have to follow and are available on payment. For
taking photographs one has to buy tickets first.