Places To See In Amritsar
Mysticism, Patriotism and Religion combine in this beautiful city
The Golden Temple -
Rising tall from the Amrit Sarovar or the pool of nectar that surrounds the edifice, the sight of this stunning
structure set in gold and marble is a humbling experience. Harmandir Sahib as Golden Temple is also known as is
the epicenter of the Sikh religion. Today, the shrine stands as a symbol of resoluteness, clarity and the
travails of the Sikh religion.
There are four main doors to the Golden Temple. These doors are all symbolic of the Sikh philosophy that all
religions are created equal and nobody would be discriminated based on cast, creed, colour and religion. The
Darshani Deori or the main entrance to the north of the temple has an ornately done arch, which has
inscriptions from the Guru Granth Sahib. A causeway known as Guru's Bridge connects to the temple. The shrine
is surrounded on all sides by a marble corridor, which is full with devotees visiting the temple. The clock
tower is located at the Darshani Deori. The Central Sikh Museum is atop the clock tower. On the south side of
the Harmandir Sahib are a garden and the tower of Baba Atal. This nine-storied octagonal tower was built in the
memory of Baba Atal Rai, son of the sixth Sikh Guru, Sri Har Gobind. The tower is known for its frescoes,
depicting the life of Guru Nanak. The intricate inlay work, the stunning marble work and the mirror work became
part of the beautiful landscape of the temple in the 19th century during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
The Guru Granth Sahib or the holy book of the Sikhs is kept inside the temple during the day and at the Akal
Takht in the night. The Akal Takht or the supreme seat of power also houses ancient weapons used by Sikh
warriors. Guru-ka-langar or the communal canteen is on the eastern side of the temple. An ancient Jubi tree
also within the shrine is known for its special powers.
Durgiana Temple -
Lakshmi Narain Mandir built in the 20th century has an uncanny resemblance to the Golden Temple in its
structure and form. Like the Harmandir Sahib, the temple rises from the middle of a tank and has canopies and
dome reminiscent of the Sikh style of architecture. The temple is known for its collection of Hindu scriptures.
Jama Masjid Khairuddin -
Built in 1876 by Mohammed Khairuddin, this mosque was the place from where the Tootie-e-Hind, Shah Attaullah
Bukhari called for the removal of the British.
Jallianwala Bagh -
This place in Amritsar stands today as a mute testimony to the atrocities of the British who under the rule of
General Dyer on April 13, 1919 opened indiscriminate firing on a group of peaceful protestors. The Martryr's
Memorial at the site recounts the horrific incident and a section of the bullet-ridden wall is still preserved
for visitors to see. Also seen is the well inside the Jallianwala Bagh, into which a number of people had
jumped to escape the bullet fury.
Parks and Gardens
Ram Bagh -
Modeled on the lines of the beautiful Shalimar Bagh in Lahore, the Ram Bagh houses the summer palace of the
erstwhile ruler of Punjab, Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Named after the founder of the city, Guru Ram Das, the garden
and the palace are an architectural marvel. The palace is now a museum and it houses interesting artifacts,
coins, paintings, weapons all dating back to the Sikh period.
Ram Tirath -
This heritage spot, 11 km west of Amritsar on Chogawan Road, dates back to the time of the Ramayana, when this
was Sage Valmiki's abode. The area even today has an ancient tank and several temples. The hut where Goddess
Sita gave birth to Luv and Kush and the well where she used to go and take her daily bath can be seen even to
Pul Kanjari -
Located about 35 kms from Amritsar and Lahore, right on the Wagah border, the area was built by Maharaja Ranjit
Singh. The area was often used by the Maharaja to unwind and relax while passing through it with his troops.
Apart from the remnants of a fort which once stood in the area, a temple, mosque and a gurudwara can also be
Samadhi of Guru Angad Dev -
Located at a distance of about 30 kms south east of Amritsar is the samadhi of the second Sikh Guru. Maharaja
Ranjit Singh built the samadhi in 1815 AD.
Samadhi of Shravan -
Located at a distance of 6 kms from Ajnala near Jastarwal is the samadh of Shravan. The area dates back to the
Ramayana days where the story has it that Shravan, the devout son who had taken his blind parents on a
pilgrimage fell prey to the arrows of King Dashrath, the ruler of Ayodhya. The area marks the spot where
Shravan is buried.