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Education in India

Management Courses in India

Management courses are counted amongst the most sought after professional courses in contemporary India. The management courses are primarily aimed at enabling the students to become successful in the professional world. The courses are designed to educate the students about the nitty-gritty of the corporate life and also to make them able to survive in difficult conditions. Management is all about controlling and coordinating the work of other people in the organisation. The manager's duty is to administer the resources in such a way that the maximum efficiency and output is achieved. The management courses in India can be pursued in various branches of business like personnel, Production, Finance, Retail, Marketing, Operational Research, Planning, Construction, etc.

There are different types of management courses offered in India like the full-time courses, part time courses, specialised courses, etc. The courses are offered in the areas like retail management, hotel management, NGO management, health management, event management, management in development and training agencies, hospitality management etc. Apart from that, the courses in travel and tourism management also belong to the management courses category. The most popular management courses in India include Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS), Bachelor of Business Management (BBM), Master of Business Administration (MBA), etc.

Among all the management courses in India, the Master of Business Administration (MBA) is the most desirable one. A formal qualification in management is gradually becoming an essential requirement for a successful career. The MBAs can specialise in business administration, industrial administration and also in the areas like Health Care, Administration of public Enterprises, Computer Management, Labour Management, Rural Management, Financial portfolio Management, Personnel Management, etc.

MBA is a post graduate course that can be categorised into 5 different segments like Full-time MBA, Part-time MBA, Distance Learning MBA, Executive MBA and Online MBA. The full-time MBA course usually consists of 4 semesters. The choice of specialisation subjects in this course include Marketing, Finance, Human Resources, Operations and Logistics, Information Technology, Systems, International Trade and Business, Consumer Behavior, Risk Management and many others. The part time MBA, distance learning MBA and online MBA courses offer flexibility to the students, who are unable to pursue a full-time regular course. The Executive MBA courses are meant exclusively for the working professionals, who decide to take a break from the professional career and obtain an MBA degree in a short period of time.

The online MBA course is the most recent development in the field of management courses in India. This course is totally based on the technology mediated learning method and the main advantage of this course is that the candidates can get all the study materials without going to an institute. The students can attend regular online classes from their home and thus, can make regular interaction with the faculty members. Many leading business schools in India offer online MBA courses and the online course is mainly attracting the working professionals who could not purse a regular MBA course.

The Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) course is another sought after management course in India. This is a bachelor's degree in business studies and in most universities; the degree is given after four years of full-time study in one or more areas of business concentrations. Both the general business courses and advanced courses for specific concentrations are included in the BBA programme. The BBA course is called as BSBA (Bachelor of Science in Business Administration) in some colleges and universities; however, the requirements and course content are the same. A student usually studies a variety of subjects while pursuing a BBA course. The subjects include accounting, business law and ethics, economics, finance, management information systems, marketing, operations management, organisational behaviour and management, operations research, strategic management, etc. The BBA students can also specialise in any of the academic areas like Accounting, Entrepreneurship, Finance, Management, Management information systems, Marketing, Operations management, Supply chain management, etc.

The hotel management courses in India have recently gained immense popularity. The main reason behind this is the recent growth in the hospitality industry. There are many institutes that provide hospitality and hotel management courses in India. The courses are designed to make one aware of the operating-sections of the hotel industry like front office, general operations, sales and marketing, food and beverage, service keeping and catering, etc. The time duration of the courses offered usually vary from six months to three years.

The retail management courses in India have also made huge waves. The main focus of the retail management courses is on visual merchandising, store operation, supply chain management, marketing and business communication, finance management, electronic retailing merchandise management, accounting in retail, marketing information, sales promotion with public relation, business ethics, customer relationship, inventory management, retail brand management, etc. After completing retail management courses, one can join the books and publishing industry, processed foods industry, shopping malls, multiplexes, the garment industry, etc. There are also a few postgraduate diploma courses offered in management in India. The courses are offered in the management fields like Business/ Personnel/ Marketing & Sales/ Hospital/ Financial/ Human Resource/ NGO etc.

The admission procedures for different management courses in India generally vary according to the type of course and also according to the business schools. Admissions in most of the Indian business schools follow a marks-basis admission in courses like BBA, BBS and BBM. However, some business schools also organise entrance examination for admission in these courses. The examination includes written test, group discussion (GD) and private interviews (PI), etc. The IIMs conduct a Common Admission Test (CAT) every year and many other business schools select the students, based on the other popular entrance examinations like XAT, MAT, IIFT, SNAP, JMET, etc. In many business schools in India, the cumulative scores of the Entrance Exam, GD/PIs are considered before selecting a candidate for the MBA course.

The candidates who opt to pursue hospitality and hotel management courses in India are required to pass the 10+2 examination with English as a subject. The institutes also admit students holding a bachelor`s degree from any recognised university in some of the management training schemes. However, the students also have to appear for a written admission test, group discussion and personal interview. Admission depends on the performance of the students in the written test, personal interview round and group discussion session. One can apply for admission in retail management courses in India, just after completing higher secondary education. The students desirous to pursue diploma course in management are required to hold a graduate degree from a recognised university.

There are several business schools that offer management courses in India. Both the government management institutions and the private institutions offer the courses according to their respective preferences. The students can purse management courses in both regular and open universities as well. Among all the business schools in India, there are only a few that have earned significant recognition for their extraordinary quality of education. Some of the most famous business schools for pursuing management courses in India include the Indian Institute of Management (IIMs) in Ahmedabad, Calcutta, Bangaluru, Lucknow, Indore, Calicut, etc. The other institutes include the Xavier Labour Research Institute, Jamshedpur (XLRI); Indian School of Business, Hyderabad (ISB); Faculty of Management Studies, University of Delhi (FMS); Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai (JBIMS); S. P. Jain Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai (SPJIMR); Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management, IIT Mumbai; Management Development Institute, Gurgaon (MDI); Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai (NMIMS); etc.

The impact of privatisation and liberalisation has increased the need for managers in business establishments across all the sectors of the Indian economy. In such a scenario, the people holding a management degree definitely have a chance of getting better opportunity than others. This is why, the management courses in India have evolved as one of the most sought after courses in the recent years.


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