11:39 pm - Friday June 21, 2024

Wildlife in India

Dudhwa National Park

Location : Indo-Nepal Border

Area : 49,029 hectares / 614 sq. km.

Established : 1958 as a wildlife sanctuary 1977 as a national park, 1988 as a tiger reserve.


Dudhwa lies on the India-Nepal border in the foothills of the Himalaya and the plains of the ‘terai’. The main attractions of the park are its Swamp Deer (population over 1,600) and tiger (population 98 in 1995). The park is famous for the untiring efforts of ‘Billy’ Arjan Singh, one of India’s leading conservationists, who was instrumental in the creation of Dudhwa as a sanctuary of the Swamp Deer. Later he successfully hand-reared and re-introduced zoo-born Tigers and Leopards into the wilds of Dudhwa.

The forests here are reminiscent of the forests of Bardia on the Nepal side, with huge Sal trees, tall termite mounds, patches of riverine forests and large open grasslands. Its lakes offer excellent opportunities for observing Swamp Deer and birds from ‘machans’. In the mid 1980s, Indian Rhinoceros was reintroduced into Dudhwa from Assam and Nepal. The park has a rich birdlife, with over 350 species, including the Swamp Partridge, Slaty-backed Woodpecker and Bengal Florican.


Mid November-mid June, the best period being February-April.


Drive from Delhi (8-9 hours) or take the train to Shahjehanpur and drive to Dudhwa (3 hours). Alternatively fly to Lucknow and drive to Dudhwa (245 km, 6 hours).

Nearest Railway Station : Dudwa (4 km.), Palia (10 km.), Mailani (37 km.)

Nearest Airport : Lucknow, Dhangarhi (Nepal, 35 km.)

General Details

Headquarters : Lakhimpur (Kheri), UP, India

Altitude : 150-183 meters Nearest Town: Palia (10 km.) Nearest petrol pump! Hospital / market /bank / Post & Telegraph Office are at Palia

Temperature : Max Min Summer : 40ºC 20ºC Winter : 30ºC 4ºC


Summer: Cottons
Winter: Light woollens *Preferably 'khaki', olive green, grey or other inconspicuous clothing which does not alarm or scare away the animals.

Accommodation and facilities

At the southern edge of the park lies the well-known TIGER HAVEN, the residence of ‘Billy’ Arjan Singh and open to tourists. It is a rustic farm house with good accommodation and is well placed for productive safaris inside the park. Safaris are by 4- wheel drive motor vehicles and by elephants. There is also a Forest Rest House inside the park. At Dudhwa, Forest Rest Houses, Log Huts, Dormitory and Tharu Huts. Forest Rest Houses at Sonaripur, Sathiana, Bankati, Belrayan, Kila, Chandan Chauki.


Rhesus Macaque Wolf Ratel
Small Indian Civet Indian Grey Monggoose Jungle Cat
Tiger Wild Boar Swamp Deer
Nilgai Indian Pangolin Indian Porcupine
Hanuman Langur Bengal Fox Eurasian Otter
Spotted linsang Striped Hyena Fishing Cat
Indian Elephant Indian Muntjac Hog Deer
Four-horned Antelope Northern Palm Squirrel Hispid Hare
Golden Jackal Sloth Bear Smooth-coated Otter
Small Indian Mongoose Leopard Cat Leopard
Indian Rhinoceros Chital Sambar
Blackbuck Red Giant Flying Squirrel Indian Hare

Other Categories

Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur)
Ranthambore National Park
Sariska National Park (Tiger Reserve)
Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
Dudhwa National Park
The Great Himalayan National Park
Pin Valley National Park
Corbett National Park (Tiger Reserve)
Rajaji National Park
Valley Of Flowers
Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary
Nanda Devi Sanctuary
Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kashmir
Hemis National Park
Gir National Park
Bandhavgarh National Park (Tiger Reserve)
Kanha National Park
Panna National Park
Pench National Park
Namdapha National Park (Tiger Reserve)
Kaziranga National Park
Manas Tiger Reserve
Nagarhole (Tiger Reserve)
BR Hills Wildlife Sanctuary
Periyar National Park
Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
Palamau Tiger Reserve
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary