11:02 pm - Wednesday October 20, 2021

Wildlife in India

Kaziranga National Park

Area : 688 sq. km/ 42,996 hectares.

Established : 1926 as a reserve forest, 1940 as a wildlife sanctuary, 1974 as a national park.

Description

Kaziranga National Park lies to the south of the mighty Brahmaputra river and being on the floodplains is inundated heavily by the monsoon rains. The predominant vegetation is a mixture of tall grasslands and riverine forests. There are many marshes, interconnecting streams and ox-bow lakes, known locally as 'bheels' or 'bils'. To the south of the park lie the Mikir Hills which rise to over 1,000 metres elevation. Kaziranga wildlife sanctuary is famous for its Indian Rhinoceros population which is estimated at 1,100 + and is by far the best place to see them in India. (this species in unique to the subcontinent, with the second largest population of 400+ found in Chitwan, Nepal). Other large mammals include the Water Buffalo, Swamp Deer and Gangetic Dolphin. The park may be explored by riding elephant or 4-wheel drive motor vehicles. There are several watch towers. The nearby Panbari Reserve Forest is the best place to see the Hoolock Gibbon. Kaziranga national park has a rich birdlife. There is a colony of Spot-billed pelicans and the rare Bengal Floricans inhabit the grasslands. This area is also known for the famous Assam tea and during the winter and spring it is worthwhile visiting the nearby tea plantations to see tea leaves being picked and processed.

Season

November-May; the best period being January-April

Access

Drive to the park from Guwahati (219 km, 6 hours) or Jorhat (96 km, 2 hours) airport accessible by flights from Delhi and Calcutta respectively. The nearest railway station is Jakhalabandha (43 km).

Nearby Attractions

There are many places which can be visited while you are staying at Kaziranga. The Kakochang waterfalls is 13 kms from Bokakhat. Not far from the park are the ruins of the ancient Numaligarh. These ruins are of great archaeological importance. The tea gardens of Hathkhuli, Methoni, Difalu, Behora Borchapori are also other local attractions. Also visit the coffee and rubber plantations behind the tourist lodge.

Park visits

The park can be visited on an Elephant back or in a Jeep. There are trips covering Mihimukh, Baguri, Hole path, Arimarah, Kohora Central path-Baguri all areas teeming with wildlife-all authentically wild.

Climate

The climate of Kaziranga national park is tropical. Summers are hot and winters cold. Take cotton clothes for summers and do not forget to pack woollens during winters. The average rainfall is 160 cms. But the monsoon months bring heavy downpours which often flood the park.

Accommodation and facilities

The Aranya Forest Lodge and two tourist lodges run by the Assam government are 3 km from the park entrance at Mihimukh. The Wild Grass Lodge is located a little further. Riding elephants are available at the Mihimukh entrance.

WILD GRASS LODGE - KAZIRANGA

With an accommodation of 21 rooms, Wild Grass Lodge is a private modern resort. It is situated by a stream in the paddy fields and forest. The lodge has the facility of arranging elephant rides and walks through the forest and tea plantations.

There is wide range of accommodation facility at the park. There are rest houses, dormitory and lodges maintained by the forest department and the ITDC. The forest department has two rest houses and one dormitory. ITDC has three lodges, one dormitory and two cottages. The lodges have A/C and non A/C rooms furnished with modern accessories.

Mammals

Assam Macaque Golden Jackal Asiatic Black Bear
Smooth-coated Otter Common Palm Civet Leopard Cat
Leopard Indian Elephant Indian Muntjac
Sambar Indian Pangolin Orange-bellied
Hoolock Gibbon Bengal Fox Sloth Bear
Small Indian Civet Small Indian Mongoose Jungle Cat
Tiger Indian Rhinoceros Swamp Deer
Water Buffalo Black Giant Squirrel Indian Hare
Capped Langur Dhole Yellow-throated Marten
Large Indian Civet Indian Grey Mongoose Fishing Cat
Ganges Dolphin Wild Boar Hog Deer
Gaur Indian Porcupine Himalayan Squirrel
 

Other Categories

Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur)
Ranthambore National Park
Sariska National Park (Tiger Reserve)
Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
Dudhwa National Park
The Great Himalayan National Park
Pin Valley National Park
Corbett National Park (Tiger Reserve)
Rajaji National Park
Valley Of Flowers
Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary
Nanda Devi Sanctuary
Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kashmir
Hemis National Park
Gir National Park
Bandhavgarh National Park (Tiger Reserve)
Kanha National Park
Panna National Park
Pench National Park
Namdapha National Park (Tiger Reserve)
Kaziranga National Park
Manas Tiger Reserve
Nagarhole (Tiger Reserve)
BR Hills Wildlife Sanctuary
Periyar National Park
Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
Palamau Tiger Reserve
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary