4:31 am - Thursday June 13, 2024


Sources of Income

Sources of Income

  • Income from Salaries

  • Income from Capital Gains

  • Income from House property

  • Income from Profits & gains of business or profession

  • Income from other sources

The term 'Income' in the Income Tax Act connotes a periodical monetary return 'coming in' with some sort of regularity, or expected regularity, from definite sources. The Income Tax Act provides that for the purpose of charge of income tax and for computation of total income all income shall be classified under five sources of income. Income of a person from each of these sources is calculated to find out the gross total income of the person. The total income from all the above heads of income is calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Act as they stand on the first day of April of any assessment year. Permissible deductions are reduced and then income-tax payable is calculated at the prescribed rates. If income of a person is derived from various heads, the person is entitled to claim deduction permissible under respective head whether or not computation under each head results in taxable income.

The definition of income under the Income Tax Act is inclusive in nature i.e. apart from the items listed in the definition, any receipt which satisfies the basic condition of being income is also to be treated as income and charged to income tax accordingly.


Other Categories

Taxation of Individuals
Who is liable to pay income tax
Sources of Income
Income from Salaries
Income from Capital Gains
Income from House property
Income from Profits & gains of business or profession
Income from other sources
Taxation of Partnerships
Customs Duties (Import Duty and Export Tax)
Wealth Tax
Taxation of Corporates
Taxation of Agents
Excise Duty
Permanent Account Number (PAN)
Taxation of other forms of business entities
Taxation of Trusts
Taxation of Small Scale Industries
Joint Venture Companies
Cooperative Societies
Taxation of Representative offices
Service Tax
Value Added Tax (VAT)


India has a well developed tax structure. The power to levy taxes and duties is distributed among the three
tiers of Government, in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Constitution. The main taxes/duties that
the Union Government is empowered to levy are:- Income Tax (except tax on agricultural income,
which the State Governments can levy), Customs duties, Central Excise and Sales Tax and Service Tax. The principal taxes levied by the State Governments are:- Sales Tax (tax on intra-State sale of goods), Stamp Duty (duty on transfer of property), State Excise (duty on manufacture of alcohol), Land Revenue (levy on land used for agricultural/non-agricultural purposes), Duty on Entertainment and Tax on Professions & Callings. The Local Bodies are empowered to levy tax on properties (buildings, etc.), Octroi (tax on entry of goods for use/consumption within areas of the Local Bodies), Tax on Markets and Tax/User Charges for utilities like water supply, drainage, etc.

In the wake of economic reforms, the tax system in India has under gone a radical change, in line with the
liberal policy. Some of the changes include:- rationalization of tax structure; progressive reduction in peak
rates of customs duty; reduction in corporate tax rate; customs duties to be aligned with ASEAN levels;
introduction of value added tax; widening of the tax base; tax laws have been simplified to ensure better compliance. Tax policy in India provides tax holidays in the form of concessions for various types of investments. These include incentives to priority sectors and to industries located in special area/ regions. Tax incentives are available also for those engaged in development of infrastructure.