8:26 am - Wednesday July 17, 2019

Taxation

Income from other sources

Income from other sources

Under the Income Tax act, income of every kind which is not to be excluded from the total income shall be chargeable to income tax under the head 'Income from other sources', if it is not chargeable to income tax under any of the other heads of income. Thus, income from other sources is a residuary head of income i.e. income not chargeable under any other head is chargeable to tax under this head. All income other than income from salary, house property, business and profession or capital gains is covered under 'Income from other sources'.

The following incomes are chargeable to tax :

  • Dividend received from any entity other than domestic company. This is because dividend received from a domestic company has been made exempt in the hands of the receiver. Accordingly dividend received from a cooperative bank or dividend received from a foreign company will be taxable as income form other sources.

  • Any pension received by the legal heirs of an employee.

  • Any winnings from lotteries, crosswords, puzzles, races including horse races, card games or other games of any sort or gambling or betting of any form or nature.

  • Income from any plant, machinery or furniture let out on hire where it is not the business of the assessee to do so.

  • Income from securities by way of interest.

  • Any sum received by the assessee from his employees as contribution to any staff welfare scheme. However when the assessee makes the payment of such contribution within the time limit under the scheme of welfare, then the payment will be allowed as a deduction and only the balance amount will be taxable.

  • Income from subletting.

  • Interest on bank deposits.

Allowable Deductions

The following deductions are available to the assessee in obtaining the taxable amount :

  • In case of taxable dividend income and interest from securities, any reasonable sum paid by way of remuneration or commission for the purpose of realizing such income including interest on borrowed capital if such borrowed capital is used for making investment in shares or securities.

  • In case of income from plant, machinery or furniture given out on hire, the following expenses will be allowed as deduction :

    • Current repairs to building.

    • Current repairs to machinery, plant or furniture.

    • Insurance premium paid for insuring the plant, machinery, building or furniture.

    • Depreciation on building, machinery, plant or furniture.

  • In case of any expenditure other than capital expenditure or personal expenditure which has been incurred wholly, necessarily and exclusively for earning income like revenue expenditure, such expenditure will also be allowed as a deduction.

  • In case of family pension received by legal heirs of an employee, a standard deduction of 1/3rd of such amount or Rs 15,000 whichever is less will be allowed by way of deduction.

The following amounts are not deductible under Section 58 while computing the taxable amount :

  • Personal expenses of the assessee.

  • Any interest which is payable outside India on which income tax has not been paid or deducted at source.

  • Any sum paid on account of wealth tax in India or abroad.

  • Any amount not allowable by virtue of it being unreasonable.

  • Any expenditure in connection with income from winning form lotteries, crosswords, cross puzzles, races including race horses, car race and other games of races, gambling, betting of any form. However expense are allowed as a deduction in computing the income of an assessee who earns income from maintaining as well as holding race horses.

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Taxation
Taxation of Individuals
Who is liable to pay income tax
Sources of Income
Income from Salaries
Income from Capital Gains
Income from House property
Income from Profits & gains of business or profession
Income from other sources
Taxation of Partnerships
Customs Duties (Import Duty and Export Tax)
Wealth Tax
Taxation of Corporates
Taxation of Agents
Excise Duty
Permanent Account Number (PAN)
Taxation of other forms of business entities
Taxation of Trusts
Taxation of Small Scale Industries
Joint Venture Companies
Cooperative Societies
Taxation of Representative offices
Service Tax
TDS,TCS,TAN
Value Added Tax (VAT)


Introduction

India has a well developed tax structure. The power to levy taxes and duties is distributed among the three
tiers of Government, in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Constitution. The main taxes/duties that
the Union Government is empowered to levy are:- Income Tax (except tax on agricultural income,
which the State Governments can levy), Customs duties, Central Excise and Sales Tax and Service Tax. The principal taxes levied by the State Governments are:- Sales Tax (tax on intra-State sale of goods), Stamp Duty (duty on transfer of property), State Excise (duty on manufacture of alcohol), Land Revenue (levy on land used for agricultural/non-agricultural purposes), Duty on Entertainment and Tax on Professions & Callings. The Local Bodies are empowered to levy tax on properties (buildings, etc.), Octroi (tax on entry of goods for use/consumption within areas of the Local Bodies), Tax on Markets and Tax/User Charges for utilities like water supply, drainage, etc.

In the wake of economic reforms, the tax system in India has under gone a radical change, in line with the
liberal policy. Some of the changes include:- rationalization of tax structure; progressive reduction in peak
rates of customs duty; reduction in corporate tax rate; customs duties to be aligned with ASEAN levels;
introduction of value added tax; widening of the tax base; tax laws have been simplified to ensure better compliance. Tax policy in India provides tax holidays in the form of concessions for various types of investments. These include incentives to priority sectors and to industries located in special area/ regions. Tax incentives are available also for those engaged in development of infrastructure.