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Education in Modern India

Education in India is among various other elements that have helped the country to develop. Indian education system is fascinating and it has gradually reached the present status with several other contributions. The history of education in India is equally enthralling. Historical Background of Indian Education include the involvement of Vedas, Puranas, Ayurveda, Yoga, Kautilya`s Arthasahtra for the development of Education in Modern India. The present education system in India is also influenced by the spread of different religions such as Buddhism and Jainism as well as Bhakti and Sufi movements.

Education in modern India gained a whole new facet with the Promotion of Western Education in British India promotion of western education in India which almost inevitably started with the coming of the British. The British employed the strategy of emotional and intellectual colonization in India, to consolidate the political immigration. It was the affinity of the elite section of Indian society to English culture, ideology and education, which facilitated the British to psychologically harness the nation`s mindset. British wanted the malleable Indians to learn, speak and believe English and become shadows of Englishmen. In the Charter of 1833, English was announced to be the official language. The Advent of English Education in British India advent of English education in British India was thus a reformation movement of the 19th century which provided opportunity for the women and people belonging to the lower castes for education. Thus, the British is credited for bringing a revolution in the Indian education system. The colonial period, from 1757 to 1947, were the period for the uprising for various scholars and reformists. The introduction of institutions for Western learning based learning with the British curriculum and English as the medium of instruction was introduced by the beginning of the early nineteenth century.

India saw the rising of various government universities at Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. Apart from the Indian universities and governmental colleges, Non-government schools were also established by Western Christian missions to provided opportunities for elementary education. Women education became prevalent with the coming of the British and different women's colleges were founded. Education in Modern India emerged gradually from the prevailing medieval period education.Female Education In British India flourished. The curricula in private girls' schools ranged from the Urdu, Persian, writing, arithmetic, needlework, and Islamic studies of Punjabi. Moreover English language became the medium of instruction because it was believed that English language would make Indians capable of receiving knowledge across international borders

Education in Modern India comprises of primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education and higher education. Elementary education consists of eight years of education, while secondary and senior secondary education consists of two years of education respectively. Higher education in India starts after passing the higher secondary education and Post graduation courses are generally of two to three years of duration. After gaining independence in 1947, India made a rule that education is made available to all.

 

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Education in Modern India